Goal 3. Target 3.7
By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including or family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programs.
Goal 3. Target 3.7
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.
The purpose of this website is to introduce and promote disability-inclusive accessible SRHR in Bangladesh by developing a resource hub, showcasing the efforts and outcomes of the organizations, academicians, researchers who are working in the field “Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR)” or “Rights of Persons with Disabilities”.
Comprehensive education, information, and service on sexual and reproductive health is a critical element of sexual and reproductive health rights. Persons with disabilities themselves consider information on sexual and reproductive health not just as a need, but as their right, including the right to information and services on contraception and to make choices on what method to use, and the right to be free from sexual violence.
Despite being a right, in Bangladesh, persons with disabilities often do not have equal access to information, education, and services related to sexual and reproductive health, sexuality, and relationship, thus hampering their ability to make informed decisions about these issues. It is because, SRHR is a relevantly new area for Bangladesh that has only been recognized by the government as well as the development sector, the development sector putting much more emphasis on it, especially those working towards better living or working conditions of its targeted population.
When it comes to persons with disabilities, SRHR becomes an unexplored territory even though people with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health needs as others.
Although the Government of Bangladesh has already taken some legislative steps towards improving the situation of persons with disabilities, most of these steps does not entail SRHR when many countries around the world have taken remarkable steps to incorporate the SRH needs of persons with disabilities. There are many important corners of SRHR that need to be addressed for a person with a disability to survive, sustain and flourish in both the public and private spheres of life, to find his or her place in society.
Article 25 (a) of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
The CRPD declares that persons with disabilities should have the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health care and programs as provided to other persons, including in the area of Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and population-based public health programs.
This study explores the barriers and impediments that women and girls in Bangladesh are facing that make it difficult for sexual and reproductive rights (SRR) to be realized. While the country mandates inclusion of curricula on sexuality and reproductive health (SRH) in formal and non-formal education sectors, the matter is generally weakly addressed, resulting in young people of 10-19 (constituting one third of the entire population in Bangladesh) who have limited knowledge of SRH issues including contraception, sexuality, family planning and sexually transmitted diseases.
As there is no reliable data and documents on the SRH needs of persons with disabilities living in Bangladesh; therefore, this guideline has been developed in a generalistic way following several international models. It does not picture completely evidence-based claims of its own, rather identified key sectors and issues that deserve first attention by reviewing several relevant national and international documents. Also, this guideline proposed a few generic possible interventions focusing on the general overall conditions as the first step of action through an intensive desk review.